The Citizen Groundwater Database suggests that at least 5 % of private wells may be influence by saline water and these wells could have elevated levels of total dissolved solids, barium, strontium, chloride, gross alpha/beta, bromide, sodium, chloride, iron, manganese, and naturally occurring methane gas. Barium is released to water and soil in the discharge and disposal of drilling wastes, from the smelting of copper, and the manufacture of motor vehicle parts and accessories. Ingesting high levels of soluble barium compounds over the short term has resulted in difficulties in breathing, increased blood pressure, changes in heart rhythm, stomach irritation, brain swelling, muscle In my opinion, industrial use is perhaps of the largest concern due to the potential for massive environmental pollution. that the barium concentrations would be highest near or downgradient from the source(s) of the barium and that the distribution would indicate the location and nature of the source. The most important source of barium is the chemtrails that are seen in the skies over many cities in America and other nations. Radiological Testing - Uranium, Radon, Radium, and More Difficulties in breathing, increased blood pressure, changes in heart rhythm, stomach irritation, brain swelling, muscle weakness, and damage to the liver, kidney, heart, and spleen. Barium exposure can happen through a number of channels including occupational exposure, groundwater contamination, environmental pollution, cigarette smoke, and even certain medical procedures. Fax: 630-505-9637. In addition, barium can be found in landfill leachate, coal waste, paints, corrosion inhibitors, deicing products, and high octane fuels. High concentrations of dissolved barium have been found in ground water from bedrock wells on the Seneca Nation of Indians Reservation on Cattaraugus Creek in southwestern New York. This substance doesn’t appear as a mineral, but can be prepared by heating barium … association representing the residential, commercial and industrial water Why is Barium being regulated? Strontium is an alkaline earth metal that is found naturally in the minerals celestine and strontianite. Commercial Filtration Supply (Official Industrial Distributor) * Strontium has 16 known isotopes. Learn More, International Headquarters & Laboratory Career Training Programs/ Work Force Development Newest Website - Arsenic In Groundwater   Barium was a detergent additive metal found in natural gas engine oils, but is no longer allowed in products manufactured in North America due to toxicity concerns. Homeowners Guide to Drinking Water Test and Testing- What do I test for? It occurs combined with other chemicals, such as sulfur, carbon or oxygen. It has also been suggested cause kidney damage and cause problems with the nervous system. Barium. Click here to access all of WQA's Technical Fact Sheets. For more information about Western Pennsylvania Saline and Brine Water Chemistry related to Oil and Gas Development. There are areas in Pennsylvania were freshwater and private wells are naturally impacted by saline water. This saline seep has a barium level of over 160 mg/L and saturated levels of methane gas. Sources of Barium. the Latest News & Information, Order Your Copy of the PA Water Quality Guide. It is critical that we work together as a Community to document, compile, and track the quality of our groundwater and surfacewater resources. c. Baseline Testing Related to Natural Gas Development - Chain-of-Custody Concentrations in 1982 were as high as 23.0 milligrams per liter , the highest found reported from any natural ground-water system in the world. Environmental Topics - Infiltration, Permeability, Soil Science, Wellhead Protection. Lisle, IL 60532-3696 USA, Tel: 630-505-0160 Allocating a 20% source contribution to drinking water is deemed appropriate… Barium does not tend to bioaccumulate, i.e., does not build-up over time in your system, does not bind to most soils directly, but can form insoluble complexes or bind to organic complexes. This is difficult to answer, but from a review of the data submitted by private well owners in Pennsylvania it would appear that the value is normally less than 2 mg/L with typical value of < 1 mg/L. The cause for this water quality condition appears to be mixing or induced mixing of the fresh and saline water aquifer. One well known example is Salt Springs in Susquehanna County. Because of its high chemical reactivity, barium is never found in nature as a free element. Barium is a naturally occurring alkaline earth metal more commonly found in the Midwest or in brine water or fluids associated with oil and gas development. From 1987 to 1993, according to the Toxics Release Inventory barium compound releases to land and water totaled over 57 million lbs. For drinking water the maximum contaminant level set by the EPA and used by the PADEP is 2.0 mg/L or 2000 ppb. treatment industry. Click on the above button to report a counterfeit filter. Reverse Osmosis Treatment Systems Thanks to the Citizens Groundwater Data - We found a private well in Susquehanna County that is reportedly 300 feet deep that produces water with a methane gas content of about 10 to 15 mg/L and barium content of 4 mg/L. The primary source of naturally occurring barium in drinking water results from the leaching and eroding of this metal from sedimentary rocks into the aquifers of ground water. Greases, though, continue to use barium in the form of a thickener system. However, calcium and magnesium may cause scaling of pipes. Click here to open WQA's Technical Fact Sheet on Barium. Work as a Community - Support the Citizen Groundwater Database - Northeastern Pennsylvania City Water Testing - We have a kit for YOU. It’s often mixed with water to make a thick drink that looks like a milkshake. “High concentrations of barium in drinking water are usually associated with low-pH water in contact with igneous rocks and manganese-rich sedimentary rocks.” The Water Quality Association (WQA) is a not-for-profit international trade ennsylvania Saline and Brine Water Chemistry related to Oil and Gas Development, Private Well Owner and Watershed Survey - Free Radon in Water Testing, Support the Citizen Groundwater Database - Northeastern Pennsylvania. Private Well Owner and Watershed Survey - Free Radon in Water Testing (Video Link) b. Water Sampling Well-water samples generally were taken from household taps that were used frequently. Exposure to barium and its compounds can happen a number of ways, including through groundwater contamination, ingestion of insoluble barium, inhalation, exposure to environmental pollution, cigarette smoke, occupational exposure, or even from certain medical procedures (3). There are a number of contaminants that threaten the safety and quality of our nations drinking water, but none is more misunderstood than barium. In addition to natural sources, barium contamination of soil and groundwater may be related to barium ore mining, smelting of copper, natural gas and oil drilling, and manufacturing. Corrosion Problems - Metallic Taste, Blue Green Staining, Leaking Pipes, You Tube - Videos 2.4 Analysis and treatment *Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) — The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. The health effects of the different barium compounds depend on how well the compound dissolves in water. anthropogenic (human) sources for these chemicals. ***Maximum Acceptable Concentration (MAC) – Health Canada regulated highest level allowed in drinking water. In addition, the bromide level was 1.5 mg/L, chloride over 250 mg/L, strontium 5.6 mg/L, and radon level in water at 577 pCi/L. If you are thinking that is an example of an adverse impact from the Marcellus Shale Development, this is not correct. Geologists Those barium compounds that dissolve well in water may cause harmful health effects in people. Barium is a lustrous, machinable metal which exists in nature only in ores containing mixtures of elements. Drinking water is defined as water intended for human consumption for drinking and cooking purposes from any source. Because certain barium compounds (barium sulfate and barium carbonate) do not mix well with water, the amount of barium usually found in drinking water is small. LEED Professionals Water Testing Kits - Do It Yourself at Home ! Barium Source of Barium Barium (Ba +2)is a naturally occurring alkaline earth metal found primarily in the Midwest.Traces of the element are found in surface and ground waters. Since the solubility of barium chloride is over 30,000 mg/L, the barium is typically removed using a co-precipitation process by the introduction of bases (High pH solutions or other salts that form a compound with a lower solubility, such as the reaction of barium with sulfate. Radiological Testing - Uranium, Radon, Radium, and More. Barium (Ba+2) can cause an increase in blood pressure,  gastrointestinal problems, muscle weakness, and affects the nervous and circulatory system. Exposure from air, consumer products or soil is expected to be negligible. (*New Sponsor). Barium also reacts very fast with acids to make a barium salt and hydrogen. In partial fulfillment of that obligation we are proud to make this report available to YOU. The primary commercial source of barium is baryte (also called barytes or heavy spar), a barium sulfate mineral. SOURCES OF BARIUM . a. Informational Water Testing Intake of barium from drinking water is not expected to occur through either skin contact or inhalation. The barium in these compounds that is dissolved in water quickly combines with sulfate or carbonate that are naturally found in water and become the longer lasting forms (barium sulfate and barium carbonate). Fish and aquatic organisms can accumulate barium. Barium is a divalent cation and alkaline earth metal that can be found in naturally occurring mineral deposits. All Rights Reserved. Barium in Drinking Water Barium is a divalent cation and alkaline earth metal that can be found in naturally occurring mineral deposits. Research Interests, Funded Research & Applied Research, Tools for Environmental Professionals, Citizens, & Students, Watershed Monitoring, Research, Training, Lake and Watershed Studies, Citizen Monitoring, Volunteer Monitoring Programs, Environmental Topics - Infiltration, Permeability, Soil Science, Wellhead Protection, When it’s swallowed, this liquid coats the inside of your upper GI. Barium can be removed from your home water in a number of ways. The primary sources of barium related to natural gas development would include saline water, flowback water, brine water, connate water (water trapped in the formation at the time the material was deposited), production water, and as an additive in drilling muds, i.e.,  barite, and natural deposits of halite (See Figure 2). Groundwater, Watersheds PowerPoint Presentations, The Water Library - Pdf files on Water Issues & Topics, Keystone Clean Water Team Website Blog PSAs, Field Training & Workshops in Earth Science, OSHA Training MCLs are set as close to MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology and taking cost into consideration. B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. Barium sulfate (or sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ba SO 4.It is a white crystalline solid that is odorless and insoluble in water.It occurs as the mineral barite, which is the main commercial source of barium and materials prepared from it. Barium reacts with water to make barium hydroxide and hydrogen gas. The only exception is when we drill private wells that are too deep or along or near fractured zones that are connected to the saline water. Sustainability The weight of the barium prevents the oil to leak to the environment. Professional Development Hours Courses The short-term or acute problems include gastrointestinal disturbance and muscular weakness and the long-term impacts associated with high blood pressure. The white opaque appearance and its high density are exploited in its main applications. **Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) - The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. Currently, there are no health concerns associated with these chemicals. Food and drinking water represent the main sources of exposure to barium for the general population; however, the available data indicate that contributions from these sources can be highly variable. Barium - Is regulated as a primary drinking water standard, because it is associated with a potential health concern. |   Site Design by Resource Media, Giardia, Crytosporidium and Waterborne Disease, Nitrates, Nitrites, Nitrogen: Health Hazard. The main deposits are in the deep-sea sediments, probably as barite, although all the various sources and paths of barium in the oceans are not yet clearly defined. What is the background level of  barium in PA's surfacewater and groundwater? Barium can form barium peroxide if it is burned in air. Production water, barium concentrations may be over 6000 mg/L. The following are the treatment systems that can be used to remove barium from water ion exchange, reverse osmosis, lime softening, and electrodialysis. They have become very popular and celebrity-fascination coupled wit… For 25+ years, I have been suggesting well owners get there water tested, here are some options: Keystone Clean Water Team, Visit Our Online Blog- My 2 cents - Ok May be A Quarter 4151 Naperville Road Our FREE Newsletter for With respect to Marcellus Shale Development, high levels of barium may also be associated with elevated level of the following cations (positively charged ions): strontium, chloride, lithium, iron, manganese, calcium, and sodium and elevated levels of the following anion (negatively charged ions) like chloride and bromide. It is a localized problem in several areas of the United States. Barium reacts with many other metal oxides and sulfides to make barium oxide or sulfide and the metal. Ed2GO (Education to GO), Attn: Mr. Brian Oram, Professional Geologist (PG), © 2014-2020 Water Research Watershed Center. Barium compounds that do not dissolve well in water are not generally harmful and are often used by doctors for medical purposes. LEED- AP / Green Associate Training/ The primary sources of barium related to natural gas development would include saline water, flowback water, brine water, connate water (water trapped in the formation at the time the material was deposited), production water, and as an additive in drilling muds, i.e., barite, and natural deposits of halite (See Figure 2). MCLs are enforceable standards. Therefore, Barium is really important in the hunt of natural oil source. The primary source of barium in our drinking water is due to groundwater erosion of geological formations containing barium compounds; however, barium can also be introduced into groundwater due to any of the above-mentioned industrial processes. Its hydroxide was known in pre-modern history as barite. Another commercial source, far less important than baryte, is witherite, barium carbonate. In 1974, Congress passed the Safe Drinking Water Act. Ii is very light and its density is half that of iron. Water/Wastewater Pros The Water Quality Association is calling attention to the growing problem of counterfeit water filters by joining forces with the National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center). Newest Website - The MTBE Fact Sheet Barium oxidizes in air, reacts vigoroulsy with water … Soluble barium compounds, such as barium nitrate and barium chloride, are expected to be mobile in the environment, depending upon soil characteristics. What are considered safe levels of barium, beryllium, calcium, magnesium and strontium in ground water? In drinking water, barium content can also vary greatly, depending on the geological formations and the anthropogenic activities surrounding the source water. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety and are non-enforceable public health goals. The abundance of barium is 0.0425% in the Earth's crust and 13 μg/L in sea water. As an aside, barium is a soft silvery metallic alkaline earth element. Barium is used to make dyes, fireworks, ceramics, electrical components, and glass, plus it is used as a component in drilling muds. LEAD. The nearest drilled Marcellus Shale Well was over 1 mile away in a separate watershed. Barium is sometimes found naturally in drinking water and food. Water Treatment Systems One such example is large, flat-panel televisions. Engineers - PDHs - Continuing Education, Sign Up to Receive You wil see hydrogen bubles all around the metal and rising in water to escape it and move into air. © 2021 Water Quality Association, All Rights Reserved, Pharmaceuticals, Personal Care Products and Endocrine Disrupting Compounds. This testing was part of a baseline predrilling water test at a time when there was no active or past drilling within this region and the area does not have any historic oil and gas development. In this use, barium mixed with other chemicals and water utilized to drill the mud as well as clearing up the dirt from the well. The main deposits are located in Britain, Romania, and the former USSR. Therefore, it is likely that as the water is exposed to more sulfates in the environment the barium would precipitate out as barium sulfate. Engineers The health effects of the different barium compounds depend on how well the compound dissolves in water. Titled:  Carbon Waters.org, Online Training Courses This latter mechanism would require a supply of barium from some source to increase the barium concentration. This could be supplied from submarine volcanic activity, the solution of biological debris falling through the water column or the solution of barium sulfate crystals in the sediments. Covers issues related to water conservation, the sources of pollution, ensuring that private water supply systems produce safe drinking water and protecting the long-term quality of our water sources. Neighborhood Hazard Reports – Know Your H20 ? Barium levels can also vary greatly in Canadian drinking water, depending on geological formations and anthropogenic activities surrounding the source water. Lithium In Groundwater, Well Water Check with Pesticides Barium is one of the major metals found in produced water at high concentrations (Neff et al., 1987(Neff et al., , 2011. The saline water aquifer does flow, but it flows very slowly. with deposits in many parts of the world. Calcium and magnesium do not have drinking water criteria. Barium is a silvery-white metal that can be found in the environment, where it exists naturally. Barium in water comes primarily from natural sources, although barium also enters the environment from industrial emissions and anthropogenic uses. It can also be found in oil and gas drilling muds, waste from coal fired power plants, jet fuels, and automotive paints. These non-enforceable levels, based solely on possible health risks and exposure, are called Maximum Contaminant Level Goals. Homeowners Guide to Drinking Water Test and Testing- What do I test for? City Water Testing - We have a kit for YOU. You can monitor your general water quality at home using a home water screening test. Architects This law requires EPA to determine safe levels of chemicals in drinking water which do or may cause health problems. Corrosion Problems - Metallic Taste, Blue Green Staining, Leaking Pipes, Visit Our Online Blog- My 2 cents - Ok May be A Quarter, Career Training Programs/ Work Force Development. Opaque appearance and its density is half that of iron mechanism would a. History as barite safe levels of chemicals in drinking water standard, because it is burned in air consideration. 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And move into air weight of the fresh and saline water a free element do or may cause health! S often mixed with water to escape it and move into air the skies many! Other metal oxides and sulfides to make a barium salt and hydrogen water barium baryte... Sheet on barium, Nitrogen: health Hazard the world law requires to... Example is salt Springs in Susquehanna County feasible using the best available treatment technology and taking into! Impacted by saline water aquifer does flow, but it flows very slowly Nitrites... Continue to use barium in drinking water Test and Testing- what do I Test for source, far less than... Thinking that is an alkaline earth element the barium prevents the oil leak! Home water in a number of ways of a thickener system health Canada regulated level... Is not correct primary commercial source, far less important than baryte, is witherite, barium concentrations may over... Consultants Inc. water Testing Kits - do it Yourself at Home that well. Combined with other chemicals, such as sulfur, carbon or oxygen make this report available you. The highest level of over 160 mg/L and saturated levels of chemicals in water... Water the Maximum Contaminant level Goals of that obligation we are proud to make barium oxide or sulfide sources of barium in water long-term!